The Dispute between Critical Rationalism and Reliabilism about the Invalidity of Induction

Ondřej Sloup



Based on analysis of the issue of how we learn from experience (if not by using induction), the study presents a problem of induction as formulated by Hume, thus showing its roots in unjustifiability of the principle of uniformity of nature. Popper's solution to the problem, consisting of the complete rejection of inductive reasoning, is exposed. Popper's solution is then subjected to comparison with David Papineau's reliabilism - a notion that knowledge is a true belief generated by a reliable method. The main objective of this study is to reopen a debate over the topic of invalidity of induction. A secondary objective is to illustrate the possible intersection between critical rationalism with its emphasis on delegitimisation of knowledge and reliabilist criteria of certainty.


Karl R. Popper; David Papineau; David Hume; reliabilismus; kritický racionalismus; problém indukce; zdůvodnění

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TEORIE VĚDY / THEORY OF SCIENCE – journal for interdisciplinary studies of science is published twice a year by the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Centre for Science, Technology, and Society Studies). ISSN 1210-0250 (Print) ISSN 1804-6347 (Online) MK ČR E 18677 web: /// email: