Transformation of the Academy of Sciences: From Science in Society to the Responsible Science for Society

Adolf Filáček



The radical changes in the 1990s, including the more or less steep decrease in its financing, initiated major reforms of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS). The differences between the CAS and the other R&D sectors consisted in the extent of financial threats posed to them and in coping strategies, personnel reductions, forms of institutional transformation, support of basic and applied research, engagement of business and enterprise sector in research activities, and new patterns of international collaboration in research. The transition process involves more stages; its developments up to now have resulted not only in institutional changes, plurality of financial sources, new methodology and procedures of science assessment, but also in the contemporary goal-directed programme “Strategy CAS21 - Top Research in the Public Interest”. This new concept addresses ideas of what are called “Responsible Research and Innovation” and “Science for Society”.


Science policy, responsible research and innovation, Czech Academy of Sciences

Full Text:



Christensen, Malene V., Mika Nieminen, Marlene Altenhofer, Elise Tancoigne, Niels Mejlgaard, Erich Griessler, and Adolf Filáček. “What’s in a Name? Perceptions and Promotion of Responsible Research and Innovation Practices across Europe.” Science and Public Policy 47, no. 3 (2020): 360–70.

Czech Academy of Sciences. Application Laboratories of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Strategy AV21. Prague: Czech Academy of Sciences, 2019.

Czech Academy of Sciences. CAS Annual Reports.

Czech Academy of Sciences. Concept of Research and Development in the Academy of Sciences.

Czech Academy of Sciences. Strategy AV21. Top Research in the Public Interest.

Prague: Czech Academy of Sciences, 2017.

Eurobarometer EBS340. Accessed December 21, 2022.

Eurobarometer EBS401. Accessed December 21, 2022.

Filáček, Adolf. “Governance of Science and Public Engagement: Czech Trends.” In Von der Informations- zur Wissensgesellschaft. e-Society – ePartizipation – e-Identität, edited by Gerhard Banse, Robert Hauser, Petr Machleidt, and Oliver Parodi, 131–56. Berlin: Trafo Verlag, 2013.

Kuhlmann, Stefan, Jakob Edler, Gonzalo Ordóñez-Matamoros, Sally Randles, Bart Walhout, Clair Gough, and Ralf Lindner. Res-AGorA Responsibility Navigator. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, 2016.

Lindner, Ralf, Stefan Kuhlman, Sally Randles, Bjørn Bedsted, Guido Gorgoni, Erich Griessler, Allison Loconto, and Niels Mejlgaard, eds. Navigating towards Shared Responsibility in Research and Innovation: Approach, Process, and Results of the Res-AGorA Project. Karlsruhe: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, 2016.

Mayntz, Renate, Uwe Schimank, and Peter Weingart, eds. East European Academies in Transition. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1998.

National Research, Development and Innovation Policy of the Czech Republic 2021+. Prague: Czech Research, Development and Innovation Council, 2020. Accessed December 21, 2022.

Národní priority VaVaI schválené vládou. Prague: Czech Research, Development and Innovation Council, 2020. Accessed December 21, 2022.

Open Innovation, Open Science and Open to the World – A Vision for Europe. Luxembourg: European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, 2016.

Owen, Richard, Phil Macnaghten, and Jack Stilgoe. “Responsible Research and Innovation: From Science in Society to Science for Society, with Society.” Science and Public Policy 39, no. 6 (2012): 751–60.

Provazník, Stanislav, Adolf Filáček, Eva Křížová-Frýdová, Jiří Loudín, and Petr Machleidt Transformace vědy a výzkumu v České republice. Prague: Filosofia, 1998.

ResAGorA RRI Trends. Accessed December 21, 2022.

Schomberg, René von. “A Vision of Responsible Research and Innovation.” In Responsible Innovation. Managing the Responsible Emergence of Science and Innovation in Society, edited by Richard Owen, John R. Bessant, and Maggy Heintz, 51–74. London: Wiley, 2013.

Stilgoe, Jack, Richard Owen, and Phil Macnaghten. “Developing a Framework for Responsible Innovation.” Research Policy 42, no. 9 (2013): 1568–80.

Copyright (c) 2022 Adolf Filáček

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

TEORIE VĚDY / THEORY OF SCIENCE – journal for interdisciplinary studies of science is published twice a year by the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Centre for Science, Technology, and Society Studies). ISSN 1210-0250 (Print) ISSN 1804-6347 (Online) MK ČR E 18677 web: /// email: